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Sunday, 8 October 2017

The Clayhanger Marsh - Ryders Mere List Updated

As most of you know, a new taxonomic order for recording birds in Britain came into effect on January the first. It has not made a significant effect on the Clayhanger and Ryders Mere list apart from the actual order in which the species are listed. However this has given me the opportunity to review the site list and to present it to you should you be the kind of birder who enjoys having a target to achieve when they visit the site.

This list has no official status and is just the master list by which I judge events when they occur or are reported to me. I do not sit in judgement on other peoples observations and have long believed that accepting almost every submitted record would be at least as accurate as just accepting those records that are unequivocally proven as many legitimate records are disregarded by the process and this slants the occurrence and distribution of bird species just as much as the more tolerant method.

I take almost all records on trust and in assembling this list have only omitted a handful of records, not because I don't believe them but in every case because the observer themselves was not 100% sure (this includes records of Red-Crested Pochard, Nightingale and a Red Backed Shrike if you are interested). Details of any of the records can be accessed via the Pages for each group of species on the right-hand side of the blog.

Anyway, according to my calculation the list currently stands at 193 species and five distinct sub-species so there is a target for all of us! Seven new species in 2018 would be very nice so get over and find them if you can - Chaz

Clayhanger Bird Species List

Greater Canada Goose - Branta canadensis
Barnacle Goose - Branta leucopsis
Greylag Goose - Anser anser
Pink-Footed Goose - Anser brachyrhynchus
Greater White-Fronted Goose - Anser albifrons

Mute Swan - Cygnus olar
Bewick's (Tundra) Swan - Cygnus c. bewickii
Whooper Swan - Cygnus cygnus

Egyptian Goose - Alopochen aegyptiacus
Common Shelduck - Tadorna tadorna
Ruddy Shelduck - Tadorna ferugina
Mandarin - Aix gallericulata
Garganey - Spatula querquedula
Northern Shoveler - Anas clypeata
Gadwall - Anas strepera
Eurasian Wigeon - Anas penelope
Mallard - Anas platyrhynchos
Northern Pintail - Anas acuta
Eurasian Teal - Anas crecca
Common Pochard - Aythya ferina
Tufted Duck - Aythya fuligula
Greater Scaup - Aythya marila
Common Scoter - Melanitta nigra
Bufflehead - Bucephala albeola
Common Goldeneye - Bucephala clangula
Smew - Mergus albellus
Goosander - Mergus merganser
Ruddy Duck - Oxyura jamaicensis

Red-Legged Partridge - Alectoris rufa
Grey Partridge - Perdix perdix
Common Quail - Coturnix coturnix
Common Pheasant - Phasianus colchicus

Black Throated Diver - Gavia arctica
Great Northern Diver - Gavia immer
Little Grebe - Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested Grebe - Podiceps cristatus
Black Necked Grebe - Podiceps nigricollis

Glossy Ibis - Plegadis falcinellus
Grey Heron - Ardea cinerea
Great White Egret - Casmerodius albus
Little Egret - Egreta garzeta

Northern Gannet - Morus bassanus
Shag - Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Common Cormorant - Phalacrocorax carbo

Western Osprey - Pandion haliaetus
Honey Buzzard - Pernis apivorus
Sparrowhawk - Accipiter nisus
Goshawk - Accipiter gentilis 
Western Marsh Harrier - Circus aeroginosus
Hen Harrier - Circus cyaneus
Red Kite - Milvus milvus
Rough Legged Buzzard - Buteo logopus
Common Buzzard - Buteo buteo

Water Rail - Rallus aquaticus
Spotted Crake - Porzana porzana
Moorhen - Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot - Fulica atra

Eurasian Oystercatcher - Haematopus ostralegus
Black Winged Stilt - Himantopus himantopus
Northern Lapwing - Vanellus vanellus
Golden Plover - Pluvialis apricaria
Grey Plover - Pluvialis squatarola
Ringed Plover - Charadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed Plover - Charadrius dubius
Whimbrel - Numenius phaeopus
Curlew - Numenius arquata
Bar Tailed Godwit - Limosa laponica
Black Tailed Godwit - Limosa limosa
Turnstone - Arenaria interpres
Knot - Calidris canutus
Ruff - Calidris pugnax
Sanderling - Calidris alba
Dunlin - Calidris alpina
Woodcock - Scolopax rusticola
Jacksnipe - Lymnocryptes minimus
Common Snipe - Gallinago gallinago
Common Sandpiper - Actitis hypoleucos
Green Sandpiper - Tringa ochropus
Common Redshank - Tringa totanus
Spotted Redshank - Tringa erythropus
Greenshank - Tringa nebularia

Kittewake - Risa tridactyla
Black Headed Gull - Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Little Gull - Hydrocoloeus minutus
Mediterranean Gull - Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Common Gull - Larus canus
Great Black Backed Gull - Larus marinus
Glaucous Gull - Larus hyperboreus
Iceland Gull - Larus glaucoides
Herring Gull - Larus argentatus
Caspian Gull - Larus cachinans
Yellow Legged Gull - Larus michahellis
Lesser Black Backed Gull - Larus fuscus

Common Tern - Sterna hirundo
Arctic Tern - Sterna paradisaea
Black Tern - Childonias niger

Feral Pigeon - Columba livia 
Stock Dove - Columba oenas
Woodpigeon - Columba palumbus
Turtle Dove - Streptopelia turtur
Collared Dove - Streptapelia decaocto

Common Cuckoo - Cuckulus canorus

Barn Owl - Tyto alba
Tawny Owl - Strix aluco
Little Owl - Athene noctua
Long Eared Owl - Asio otus
Short Eared owl - Asio flammeus

Common Swift - Apus apus
Common Kingfisher - Alcedo atthis
Hoopoe - Upupa epops
Wryneck - Jynx torquilla
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker - Dryobates minor
Great Spotted Woodpecker - Dendrocopos major
Green Woodpecker - Picus viridis

Common Kestrel - Falco tinunculus
Merlin - Falco columbarius
Hobby - Falco subuteo
Peregrine - Falco peregrinus

Rose Ringed Parakeet - Psitacula kramerii
Great Grey Shrike - Lanius excubitor

Jay - Garulas glandarius
Magpie - Pica pica
Jackdaw - Corvus monedula
Rook - Corvus frugilegus
Carrion Crow - Corvus corone
Raven - Corvus corax

Waxwing - Bombacilla garrulus

Coal Tit - Periparus ater
Marsh Tit - Poecile palustris
Willow Tit - Poecile montanus
Blue Tit - Cyanistes caeruleus
Great Tit - Parus major
Bearded Tit - Panurus biarmicus

Woodlark - Lullula arborea
Skylark - Alauda arvensis

Sand Martin - Riparia riparia
Barn Swallow - Hirundo rustica
House Martin - Delchion urbicum

Cetti’s Warbler - Cettia cetti
Long Tailed Tit - Aegithalos caudatus

Willow Warbler - Phylloscopus trochillus
Chiffchaff  - Phylloscopus collybita
Sedge Warbler - Acrocephalus schoenotaenus
Reed Warbler - Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Grasshopper Warbler - Locustella naevia
Savi’s Warbler - Locustella luscinioides
Blackcap - Sylvia atricapilla
Garden Warbler - Sylvia borin
Lesser Whitethroat - Sylvia curruca
Common Whitethroat - Sylvia communis
Firecrest - Regulus ignicapillus
Goldcrest - Regulus regulus

Wren - Troglodytes troglodytes
Nuthatch - Sitta europea
Treecreeper - Certhia familiaris
Starling - Sternus vulgaris

Ring Ouzel - Turdus torquatus
Blackbird - Turdus merula
Fieldfare - Turdus pilaris
Redwing - Turdus iliacus
Song Thrush - Turdus philomelos
Mistle Thrush - Turdus viscivorus

Spotted Flycatcher - Muscicapa striata
Robin - Erithacus rubecula
Pied Flycatcher - Ficedula hypoleuca
Redstart - Phoenicuros phoenicurus
Whinchat - Saxicola rubetra
Stonechat - Saxicola torquata
Wheatear - Oenanthe oenanthe

House Sparrow - Passer domesticus
Tree Sparrow - Passer montanus
Dunnock - Prunella modularis

Yellow Wagtail - Motacilla flava
Grey Wagtail - Motacilla cinerea
Pied Wagtail - Motacilla a. yarellii

Meadow Pipit - Anthus pratensis
Tree Pipit - Anthus triviallis
Water Pipit - Anthus spinoletta
Rock Pipit - Anthus petrosus

Chaffinch - Fringilla coelebs
Brambling - Fringilla montifringilla
Hawfinch - Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Bullfinch - Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Greenfinch - Chloris chloris
Twite - Linaria flavirostris
Linnet - Linaria cannabina
Common Redpoll - Acanthis flammea
Lesser Redpoll - Acanthis cabberet
Goldfinch - Carduelis carduelis
Siskin - Spinus spinus

Corn Bunting - Millaria calandra
Yellowhammer - Emberiza citrinella
Reed Bunting - Emberiza schoeniclus

Current Total: 193
Version: 01/18

Distinct Sub-Species

Continental Cormorant                                 Phalacrocorax c. sinensis
Azorean Gull                                                     Larus m. atlantis
Greenland Wheatear                                    Oenanthe o. leucorhoa
Channel Wagtail                                              Motacilla flava Sp.
White Wagtail                                                  Motacilla a. alba
Scandinavian Rock Pipit                                Anthus p. littoralis


Cackling Goose - Branta hutchinsii
Black Swan - Cygnus atratus
Bar Headed Goose - Anser indicus
Harris Hawk - Parabuteo unicinctus
Lanner Falcon - Falco biarmicus
Cockatiel - Nymphicus hollanicus
Budgerigar - Melopsitacus undulatus
African Grey Parrot - Psittacus erithacus
Canary - Serinus Canaria

Monday, 18 September 2017

2018 The Year So Far

April's obliging Whimbrel

January: Strong winds, rain and muddy conditions on the 4th produced a reduction in visible species but the following were still in evidence; Canada Goose - Gadwall  - Teal - Mallard - Goosander  - Wigeon (9) - Shoveler - Pochard - Tufted Duck - Cormorant - Coot - Moorhen - Grey Heron - Sparrowhawk - Buzzard - Black Headed Gull - Herring Gull - Lesser Black-Backed Gull - Wood Pigeon - Collared Dove (2) - Green Woodpecker - Meadow Pipit - Magpie - Jackdaw - Carrion Crow - Starling - Blackbird - Redwing (2) - Robin - House Sparrow - Chaffinch - Goldfinch. A visit on the 9th also added; Blue Tit, Great Tit, Jay, Dunnock, Siskin, Lesser Redpoll, Treecreeper, Wren, Lapwing (13), Pied Wagtail, Stock Dove and Snipe to the year list.  the 10th added GBB Gull, and Kestrel.

Seventeen Snipe and three Jacksnipe were wintering in the usual area on 10/01 and the same day saw the first record of the Willow Tit. A male Peregrine Falcon was present on the afternoon of the 15th (R.F.). A Raven dropped onto the farm fields on the 17th and a Grey Wagtail was on the Ford Brook the same day. On the 22nd, a male Tawny Owl was calling at around six a.m. Our regular returning Oystercatcher put in his first appearance of the year on the 26th (R.F.) with two birds being on site by 30/01 (C.M.).

February: Wintering birds seem to be dissipating quickly although the presence of the two Oystercatcher continued.Seven Redpoll seen on the 08/02 included the wintering Common Redpoll and ten Pochard were also present that day. A Water Rail was calling on the Marsh on the 11th and there were also five Greylag Geese and twelve Shoveler on the Mere that day. Shoveler numbers reached an impressive 24 birds on the 13th (R.F.) and Greylag numbers increased to six on the 15th (W.H.). The second half of the month showed little change and an exceptional belt of Siberian weather at the end of the month put an end to birding activity.

March: The month began with blizzards and gale force winds with Britain trapped between eastern and south western weather systems. A visit on the first produced 24 Shoveler, 18 Pochard and 8 Goosander. As the Snow began to melt, a Fieldfare was present on the third. the twelth saw a Goldeneye present and double figures of Pochard as well as a Ring Necked Parakeet at Fordbrook Lane, Pelsall. The first summer migrant arrived on the 15th, as usual a singing Chiffchaff on the mineral line. A Male Common Scoter was discovered by R.F. on the 19th. along with two Chiffchaff. A Little Egret was present on the 20th and the 24th saw two Cormorant including one showing strong sinensis characteristics. On the 26th a Woodcock was flushed (R.F.) but no further migrants were discovered up to the months end.

April: Easter Sunday came early this year but unfortunately with unseasonably bad weather. On the third things had cleared a little and a brief spell of brighter weather produced two singing Chiffchaff although at least one bird appeared to be of the race abietinus. A Willow Tit was also present on the same day. A Little Egret was around the Mere on the 4th (R.F.). Ten Goosander were still present on the 6th with three Sand Martin appearing the same day. The tenth saw two Blackcap and a surprisingly early Reed Warbler on site. A visiting birder on the 11th had three singing Willow Warbler, several Swallows, good numbers of Chiffchaff and Sand Martin as well as a Goldeneye, Snipe, a Jacksnipe and an unidentified Dunlin-sized wader (I.P.). The 19th produced a lot of migrant activity with Wheatear, Common Whitethroat, Lesser Whitethroat, Common Tern, Arctic Tern, and an obliging Whimbrel on site while a Grasshopper Warbler was heard on the 20th and a Common Sandpiper arrived on the 28th.

May: Two Reed Warbler and a Sedge Warbler were singing from the main swag on the 4th and two Greylag seem to have taken up territory on the Mere. By the middle of the month nesting had been confirmed and four Greylag Chicks were visible on the 18th. Common Tern and a singing Sedge Warbler were also present and on the same day breeding by the Oystercatchers was confirmed with at least two chicks (R.F.). A surprise on the 24th was the presence of fledged Reed warblers and the first immature Grey Heron of the season.

Thursday, 27 April 2017

Staffordshire's Biggest Blockers - An Introduction

Staffordshires last twitchable Night Heron - Photo Chaz Mason (Honest)!
Warning: This one is an epic and is something for more serious birders, so be prepared to 'give up the will to live' if you are only casually interested in birds and birdwatching.

If you are still with me - lets begin...

As I am 'getting-on' a bit these days I am tending to lose the plot with a lot of things. Once upon a time if I heard a bird call or song I would pretty much know what it was immediately (and if I didn't know what it was, I knew that too - which was a lot more exciting). These days the information is still downloaded, it just takes a few more seconds for the software to access it than it used to. Which is very frustrating!

I find that I am also getting a lot more nostalgic about things that I was once quite pragmatic about and that includes birding. There are some things about the hobby that I miss and one of them is the special language that birders used to use which has gone out of fashion these days. I must have been doing the blog for about ten years now (?) and over that period I have introduced you to a fair few of those terms, so you should all know about; twitching, gripping-off, stringing (Don't do it!), padders, and dudes. Even this week I have exposed you to a 'Crippler' but I cant remember if we have ever talked about 'Blockers'?

A blocker is a bird that is difficult to put on a particular list, whether its a life-list, local patch list, garden list, county list etc (if you don't know by now, being an anally retentive lister is a prerequisite of serious bird watching). It is usually a bird which for some reason is rare or infrequent in occurrence or in a worst case an out and out unexpected rarity (A good example of this would be the Belted Kingfisher at Shugborough - a species so unlikely to occur in Staffordshire that it could easily be a hundred or even two or three hundred years before there is another). It must be noted that birds that have never previously occurred in a particular area are not blockers. If that were not the case then you could say that flightless Steamer Duck would be a Blocker in Staffs. No, the bird has to have occurred in a particular area at least once for it to be deemed a blocker (literally something you have been blocked from putting on your list by it failure to occur with any frequency).

These days my most important lists are my Staffordshire List and my Chasewater List. I was born in Staffordshire, in Walsall! Yes younger readers, Walsall used to be in Staffordshire! Until 1974 in fact when we were all forcibly deported into an artificial administrative area called the West Midlands County. Some people deported into 'new' counties such as Humberside and Avon have been allowed to go home but it is now doubtful that Walsall and its citizens will be allowed back (after nearly fifty years I suspect such a decision would be as divisive as brexit these days). At first sight this may not seem to be a relevant issue but it has caused a dichotomy of opinion about what constitutes Staffordshire for some birders.

When the county boundaries were changed, the body responsible for recording the counties birdlife (The West Midland Bird Club) had to make a decision. Do we opt for using the new counties or do we stick to the old vice-counties that had traditionally been used to define where wildlife occurred. They made a decision (wrong in my opinion) to go with the new counties which meant that records of species from some parts of historic Staffordshire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire suddenly found themselves transferred to a county that previously didn't exist and all subsequent species records for those transferred areas were now attributed to the West Midlands.

I try to be a good lad and still use the WMBC guidelines as a yardstick to run my list by so my Staffordshire list only features birds that have been accepted as having occurred in a wild state in the county as defined in 1974. This even means that there are a number of birds that I have seen in Staffordshire which are not on my official county list because the administrative body does not accept that they were genuinely wild.

I believe that if you decide to have a framework for doing something then you work within that structure and not pick the bits you like and ignore the bits that aren't comfortable (some religions should look at that approach perhaps)? However, some renegade birders refuse to accept this level of control and run their list on their own opinions and on the basis of the pre 1974 boundary so what is a blocker for one Staffs birder is not necessarily a blocker for another.

The photo at the top of the posting was a juvenile Night Heron at Rollaston on Dove, just within the Staffordshire County boundary (31/03/2000) and (as far as I know) the last twitchable Staffordshire Bird according to the WMBC. If I were an 'Old Staffs' lister, I would now have seen at least three of these in the county because I once saw an adult at Hayhead Wood (16/04/1990) and another juvenile at Sheepwash Urban Park (08/08/2004), both places previously having been in Staffordshire (Good grief -birders seem to do everything in as complicated a way as possible don't they - what next, standing up in a hammock)?

Anyway - you should now have a good idea of what a birder means when he says that something is a blocker. When a bird that has previously been a blocker finally turns up it is deemed to have been unblocked - at last something straightforward and logical. 

Staffordshires Most Blocked?

So what are Staffordshires biggest blockers. On a personal level for me it is Honey Buzzard, the commonest species that I need for the county but this is actually a regular passage bird through the county and one that could turn up in a couple of weeks for someone fortunate enough to be there at the right time. So its not a Blocker in the true sense of the term.

No - what are the REAL blockers that effect all Staffordshire listers and not just me?

My opinion is there are just thirteen super-Blockers (originally twelve but Gareth Clements made a good case for Nutcracker to be included) most of which are unlikely to ever occur again and another four which may remain Blockers for some time but which could conceivably be pulled back. These latter birds are Marsh Sandpiper (last recorded in the county in 1974), Kentish Plover (last accepted county record 1995), Guillemot (last recorded in the county in 1920) and Two Barred Crossbill (a species that wintered on Cannock Chase in 1979/80 but which has been claimed in the county as recently as 2014).

There is no real reason why Marsh Sandpiper has not occurred in recent years, it is still a more or less annual vagrant to the U.K. and statistically it is only a matter of time before one turns up again. Kentish Plover has declined in occurrence nationally and is now more uncommon at inland counties throughout Britain than it previously was. As to the potential for Guillemot, that's a different matter. Despite pelagic birds occasionally finding their way to inland counties, the most common auk species Guillemot, Razorbill and Puffin are always single figure occurrences on the lists for those counties as they depend on specific and unusual weather conditions at the right time of year in order to be significantly displaced, and those two factors only seem to come together one or twice a century.

So what are the Staffordshire Super-Blockers?

These are the species that in my opinion, you as an individual reading this today will be damn lucky to put onto your county list should you be that way inclined. I have listed the species that I deem to be the 'Super Blockers' in alphabetical order rather than to try and justify which is more or less likely to occur than another (such an approach would be subjective and very open to disagreement so why bother)?

Belted Kingfisher 2005
This was always my dream bird for Britain and when a Belted Kingfisher turned up in my favoured county on April First I took some persuading to go for it. It is still (I believe) a single figure species on the British List so the chances of a second bird finding its way to such an inland county has to be very small. Not impossible but then very little in birding ever is! However, I suspect that you would get very good odds from Ladbrookes on there being another one in our lifetimes?

Belted Kingfisher - Photo Copyright: Audobon
Cirl Bunting 1951
I don't think that this was ever an established species in Staffordshire? I know they reportedly bred on Hartlebury Common (Worcestershire) within recent history (1960/1970s ?) but I am not sure if the Staffordshire record relates to a genuine extra-limital occurrence by a British specimen or possibly a vagrant bird from Europe? Either way the decline of this species has resulted in a successful reintroduction scheme in Cornwall and I suspect that it would require an extension of such a scheme into more northern counties for this species to get on to any contemporary Staffordshire birders list?

Cory's Shearwater 1971
Chasewaters rarest ever bird? This rates alongside Auks as unlikely to occur at an inland site and again would seem to require a very infrequent set of circumstances in order to penetrate so far inland. The bird in question was picked up exhausted and nursed back to health before sadly being killed on release. Not impossible but put it this way, I have seen probably approaching a thousand Cory's Shearwaters abroad but still need to see one for my British list, and that's in coastal waters. So statistically what would you rate the chances of another one occurring on a lake or reservoir in Staffordshire?

Golden Eagle N/K
No longer breeding anywhere in England and suffering continuing persecution in Scotland. I don't know anything about this record. It is certainly not impossible for a vagrant bird from Scotland or even Europe to occur but it is still highly unlikely. Having said that this is one that could eventually unblock for some lucky birder.

Great Snipe 1954
To the delight of 'Old Staffs' listers this one is on their lists thanks to a highly unlikely but well watched bird at Sandwell Valley a few years ago (22/08/1995). This one could get onto the Staffordshire lists if more birders were prepared to learn the species and apply what they have learned to the large numbers of wintering Snipe that occur in Britain. I suspect that Great Snipe is a much under-recorded vagrant but how many of you reading this would be prepared to put their reputations on the block and claim one if you believed you have found one. That's the destructive effect of competitive birding for you!

Gyr Falcon 1844
HA! I wish! Unless you are affluent enough to go to the Scottish Islands or are in a position to twitch the odd coastal vagrant that sometimes occurs, this is a very difficult bird to get on your list. Any legitimate bird occurring in Staffordshire these days would have to run the gauntlet of the rarities committees to decide if it was genuine or a falconers escape or even a hybrid? Good luck with getting this one on your staffs list.

Little Bittern 1906
Please, please, please!  This is my personal Bogey Bird, if you have one of these anywhere come and get me - I genuinely am coming to believe that I will never see one of these, I have even missed seeing them at sites abroad (the little buggers keep dodging me)! From a county point of view though, this does have some potential for breaking the block. Little Bittern may not have occurred for over a hundred years in the county but in recent years there have been a number of breeding records in Britain. If this trend continues there has to be hope of a Little Bittern eventually crossing into Staffordshire airspace (if one does, COME AND GET ME - PLEASE)!

Little Bustard 1891
Never going to happen. Despite being highly migratory, this species has undergone such a dramatic decline in its favoured breeding areas the potential for vagrancy to such an inland county in the UK has to be very small verging on impossible in my opinion. When the next one turns up on the south coast go and chase it, I suspect that's the closest that this species will ever get to Staffordshire again!

A Little Bustard. Never again? photo copyright: Animalia
Nutcracker 1991
A species that historicaly has undergone eruptive movements from Siberia into western Europe - but not recently. The only Staffordshire Record was a very popular specimen at Cocknage Woods that was ridiculously obliging and which remained in the area for several weeks. Since this bird was recorded though, there have been only a handful of specimens claimed nationally so it is currently not just a tough bird to get on your Staffs list but also onto your U.K. list. This could all change with any future winter movements, but at present it does look unlikely to happen and until it does, I suspect that this species is worthy of 'Super-Blocker' status.

Pallas's Sandgrouse 1908
For what is now such a rare species, it is hardly possible to believe that it was once a regular irruptive migrant with huge falls of birds being recorded in the 19th century. These days such things must be consigned to history and even if this bird were to occur, it is far more likely to be on a distant Scottish island rather than anywhere in Staffordshire. This is one of the few species on my 'dream list' so I would like to hope, but I don't really think its ever likely to happen again, do you?

Sooty Tern 1852
Its not very often that a legend is totally true but the story of the Staffordshire Sooty Tern is! The bird was seen on the River Trent near Burton and a local landowner paid a local boy with a catapult to bring the bird down - which he did with one shot! The bird was subsequently collected, stuffed and then put on Display (Does Yoxall Hall sound right?) where its existence was a matter of record for many years. Unfortunately at some point the specimen was lost but there is no doubt of its existence and the story is recounted in a very rare book called; "The Birds of Staffordshire" (McAldowie 1893).

Fortunately if you are interested in knowing more, a copy of this fascinating book is in possession of the Local Studies Room at Essex Street in Walsall. Not sure how accessible it is these days but I once sat and read it cover to cover one afternoon.

White Tailed Eagle 1905
What do I need to say about this species. The successful return of this magnificent birds to British Skies is a matter of common knowledge. Surely at some point one of these reintroduced birds or even perhaps a genuine vagrant from Norway must one day grace the sky over Staffordshire. However this would probably have been much more likely had the proposal to reintroduce White Tailed Eagle to East Anglia been allowed to go ahead. Sadly not to be though, so its a case of wait, hope and twitch!

Photo copyright: Alan Saunders
White throated Needletail 1991
A much envied bird from within my lifetime, and a totally unexpected vagrant to the UK let alone Staffordshire! The possibility of one of these occurring anywhere must be quite small and I suspect it is a bird that the current and future generations of Staffordshire listers will have to continue to envy those lucky enough to have found it? - Likelihood of another? In my opinion astronomical!

There you are then - something for you to ponder on. It is now three hours since I started to write this and I haven't had my breakfast yet. Sorry for those who may have found it boring but sometimes I want to write stuff that interests me and which I hope will be of interest to like-minded birders.

I am sure that not everyone will agree with my analysis and that's fine, I have told you before opinion's are like Ar**holes (everybody has one) but as I do this blog and presumably you choose to read it, you have to put up with mine. If anyone wants to give any relevant feedback or alternative opinions I will be happy to report them. Its much easier to make up your mind about something if you have more than one viewpoint to consider, so if your views differ to mine let me know - it would be interesting!

If you made it this far - thanks for persevering, I hope you found it worthwhile - Chaz