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Friday, 6 December 2013

2014 - Summary of the year

Photo: Derek Lees
January: Despite a series of horrendous weather fronts, on the Marsh and Mere it was very quiet with little change from December. Things continued to be slow throughout the month due to it being a mild but very wet month. In the first week the only birds of note were an over-flying Raven and the semi-resident Greylag amongst the Canada Goose flock. The first real bird of interest was an apparent leucistic Goldfinch amongst a flock of 35-40 Redpoll on the fringes of the Mere on 04/01.
A single Snipe was flushed from a frozen Marsh on 14/01 and a Raven again flew over calling the same day.On the 19th a count of 31 Pochard (R.F.) must constitute a site record. The local Glossy Ibis was active in Engine Lane through most of the month and occasionally appeared to make forays south toward the Marsh but actual appearances on site could not be verified. On the 22nd I received news (N.T.) that for two days a Lesser SpottedWoodpecker had been showing at the edge of the site. A possible Mealy Redpoll was reported by R.F. and an unexpected Kingfisher made a brief appearance at the months end (31/01)

February: Still good numbers of Fieldfare about during the first week of the month and a wintering Chiffchaff was found amongst the Long Tailed Tit flock on 10/02 (R.F.). Otherwise this was the most uneventful period that I can remember with the only records relating to fluctuating duck numbers. It is quite probable that some of the more interesting gulls from the Chasewater roost may have put in an appearance but the weather and site conditions were so bad it is not surprising that nobody was there to see them!

March: A month that once again started quietly with high pressure moving in during the second week. Still Redwing and Fieldfare about on the eighth and a couple of Lesser Redpoll cleaving to the Goldfinch flock. Teal and Wigeon numbers started to drop slowly and Black Headed Gulls began to take up breeding sites on the Mere. The Oystercatchers seem to be favouring the western island and Yellowhammer began to show an increased presence with three seen on 08/03 which included a singing bird at Grange Farm. The first noteworthy bird was a Stonechat around the pit mounds on 10/03 (C.W. - G.W.). The first migrant Chiffchaff arrived on the 14th by which time duck numbers had fallen drastically. Chiffchaff continued to build up numbers over the following couple of weeks and the first Redshank of the year was heard calling on 24/03 (K.McC). By the 27th Chiffchaff were well into double figures but no other migrants had been reported although an exceptional record on the same day was a Tern SP. (Most likely a Common Tern) seen flying over the road at High Bridges from a birder heading east (J.J.H.). A further incursion of migrants took place on 29/03 with two Wheatear present on the paddocks near the Ford Brook. The first Sand Martin of the year (3) finally arrived on the last evening of the month (K.C.).
April: A Wheatear was present on the first, three Curlew and a Ruddy Duck (which did not linger) on the second and Blackcaps were on site on the 4th. Also on the 4th Raven over-flew and a Shelduck was present on the Mere (K.C.). Two Greylag and a Cormorant flew through on the 05/04 and my first two Swallows of the year were performing the same day. also of note on the fifth were four Lapwing and the remaining female Goosander. The first Blackcap and Willow Warbler records for the site were on 10/04 while a Goldcrest on the 12th was noteworthy this year. The 15th saw the arrival of the first Whitethroat and House Martin, and the 19th saw the first record of Common Sandpiper for the year. On the 21st a Lesser Whitethroat was heard and the following day several Common Tern and five Arctic Tern were seen on the Mere, a Redshank turned up on the island, a Cuckoo was distantly heard and  Reed Warbler was singing from Pelsall Road (K.C.). The Cuckoo was still present on the 23rd and Whitethroat arrived overnight on the 24th with a Sedge and two Reed Warbler also present that morning. On the 27th there were at least two Cuckoo in the area and a Grasshopper Warbler reeled briefly early morning. On the same date there were an unseasonal couple of Gadwall (both males) on the Mere. The 29th produced a Curlew and the Cuckoo was till calling but proving elusive. On the last day of the month a splendid Yellow Wagtail appeared on the farmland.
May: Low pressure forced down the first Swift of the year and the Cuckoo was still present until at least the fifteenth. The 5th had a report of singing Grasshopper Warbler from the set-aside and a Gadwall (Male) was an unseasonal visitor on the 10th. Swifts had returned to Clayhanger Village by the 13th and at least six Common Tern appeared to be holding territory on the Mere on the 15th. The remainder of the month was quiet with nothing of note encountered. Warblers continued to display and declare territory to the months end and several broods of Canada Geese were hatched.
June: The second of June saw successful breeding confirmed by the Oystercatchers with two chicks on show (R.F.) and the Cuckoo was still calling on the morning of 03/06. On the fifth a Little Grebe was seen with recently fledged chicks and Great Crested Grebe were nesting. By the twelfth there were recently fledged Goldfinch, a juvenile Grey Heron and several clutches of Mallard chicks. On the Mere the Black Headed Gulls had produced at least thirteen chicks. The big news on the twelfth was the first record of Willow Tit for the year. Up to this point it had been assumed that the species was now locally extinct but the tentative call of the bird heard sounded like a young/juvenile specimen rather than an adult so perhaps covert breeding had occurred? Interestingly another Willow Tit was heard a few days later on Clayhanger Common, so hopefully the species is still hanging on (Just!)
July: High pressure at the beginning of the month gave some warm conditions for a change. A Grasshopper Warbler was reported singing from the Set-aside on 03/07 (A.S.) and an Oystercatcher was noisily flying around on the eighth. A Green Sandpiper was flushed by Ray Fellows (Date unspecified - W/C 07/07), Little Egret was present on the 14th (R.F.) and on the 17th there were still Swift passing over the site, displaying Reed Warbler and good numbers of recently fledged birds including Common Tern and Tufted Ducks. A Willow Tit was also heard on this date but remained elusive. Amongst the large number of Small Skippers was a good proportion of Essex Skipper butterflies and the first Roesell's Bush Crickets were heard on the 17th. On the nineteenth there were still at least eleven Common Tern present and a Hobby was seen (R.F.). By the beginning of the fourth week of July most of the breeding Swift had left the local area and during the final week the few breeding Common Tern seem to have cleared out from the Mere.
August: The first of august was still quite hot but more overcast than had been July. Ryders Mere was eerily quiet with no Terns and only a handful of Black Headed Gulls remaining (including three or four fledged juveniles). Swift were becoming very elusive although at least one passed over the village and south-west across the set-aside during the morning. The afternoon saw plenty of raptor activity with Buzzard, Sparrowhawk, Kestrel and Hobby present, the latter giving excellent views as it tore apart an unfortunate dragonfly over the set-aside. The Hobby was seen again on 09/08 hunting a House Martin over the Recreation ground while other raptors that day included three Buzzard and a male Sparrowhawk. Also on the ninth a female Shoveler was seen on the swag, a Water Rail was heard calling and a recently fledged group of Moorhen chicks suggested a second brood. Amongst the migrant Warblers was a juvenile/female Blackcap. On Ryders Mere it was apparent that the Great crested grebes had raised three young. The 16th of August saw a significant amount of migration movement with good numbers of calling warblers, all three hirundines, several Swift and a juvenile Redstart in the bushes below the pit-mound. Star bird on this occasion however, was a juvenile Common Cuckoo which was in small trees at the north end of the main swag. This birds behaviour was consistent with a recently fledged locally bred bird, perhaps originating from one of our breeding Reed Warbler nests? By the24th the migration movement seemed to have increased with all three hirundine and a significant component of young Willow Warblers, many of which were feeding amongst a large mixed flock which included Chiffchaff, Goldcrest and Long Tailed Tits. A Whitethroat was also seen and a Yellow Wagtail overflew calling. The following week saw the first evidence of the winter to come with ten Teal and four Shoveler present on the Marsh on 28/08. A flock of around three hundred Canada Geese on Ryders Mere also included our semi-resident Greylag Goose for the first time since the spring. Summer birds were still moving through however and an unprecedented two Spotted Flycatcher on the trees around the pit mound were undoubtedly star birds of the day. Apart from these Blackcap, Willow Warbler, Chiffchaff and all three hirundine were seen and the Hobby was still disputing the air space over the set aside with the local kestrel. during the afternoon two Whinchat were also found (J.A.S.). The following day two Redstart and a Whitethroat were in the bushes near the pit mound and a very welcome Lesser Whitethroat (only my second site record this year) was seen in bushes near the Ford Brook (29/08).
September: The first began with exciting views of a hunting Hobby over the village, following and flying below a large flock of House Martin before pursuing one unfortunate bird across the roof tops. The fourth of September found the marsh much quieter than of late with less apparent migration although another survey of the isolated bushes south of the pit mound revealed two juvenile Whitethroat, two juvenile Blackcap and another two Whinchat. On the Swag there were at least five Teal and a single Gadwall. A surprise on Ryders Mere on the fourth were the first Wigeon of the season, three obvious passage birds that had flown out by 09.10. Two Gadwall were also present and the semi-regular Greylag flew in like squadron leader ahead of a large flock of Canada geese coming in from the farm land. On the 5th another Spotted Flycatcher was found (R.F.) the Hobby was reported to be hunting and at least two Snipe were on the Mere. A Snipe was also seen on the marsh on September 9th and the same day also produced a calling Water Rail and the first views of Grey Wagtail since the Spring. Migrants seen included Willow Warbler, Chiffchaff, Swallow and House Martin and a Blackcap was tacking from the bushes on the northern perimeter. The Goldfinch flock also contained a number of Linnet including juvenile birds. On the Mere, the Greylag was again present with the Canada Goose flock. On the 15th a Stonechat was reported from Ryders Mere and on the 17th Ray Fellows found; Hobby, Willow Warbler, and Blackcap still passing through. On the nineteenth at least four Snipe were seen around the Mere along with an unidentified sandpiper-type wader (R.F.).Chiffchaff, Blackcap and Willow Warbler were still active on site on the 21st and little Grebe numbers on the mere seemed to be on the increase with five birds present. a solitary Swallow went through on the same day. There were still a few House Martins over the village on the 29th bringing an end to the first tird of Autumn
October: After the warmest September since records began, October heralded a gentle shift toward proper autumn weather and some long overdue rainfall. Chiffchaff could still be heard singing on the 2nd around the recreation Ground and a family party of three Stonechat turned up the following day (R.F.) near the Sewage Farm. Several House Martin and a couple of Swallow were over the village during the afternoon of the fifth. The first proper arctic visitors arrived on 13/10 in the form of three Whooper Swan (R.F. - J.A.S.) but only remained until mid-afternoon. On the 14th a first-winter male Goldeneye was discovered on Ryders Mere and as the light was fading a Rock Pipit was seen briefly at the edge of the Mere before flying off toward the Marsh. A Jack Snipe was flushed on the16th (R.F.) as well as a number of Common Snipe (which seem to be coming in in better than average numbers this autumn). The 19th saw the arrival of the first Redwings and Siskin of the winter as well as an appearance by a Short-eared Owl (C.M. - D.P.). Two Water Rail were simultaneously calling, confirming multiple birds on site. A big influx of Redwing was occuring in the last few days of the month and a party of eight Pink Footed Geese flew low across the set-aside on the 29th being the second site record and the first since February/march 2005. A Raven flew over on the 30th and a Chiffchaff was present amongst the Long Tailed Tit flock.
November: the first Fieldfare of the winter flew over the set-aside on the second and two Greylag were again with the Canada flock on the same day. On the fourth there were five Goosander on the Marsh, a Water Rail was heard and a female Stonechat was on the Gorse behind Ryders mere. Following a week of Guy Fawkes disturbance, waterfowl numbers began to increase and on the 12/11 a juvenile female Goldeneye, the second of the autumn, was present on the Mere mid-afternoon. A Barn Owl was reported to have been seen perched on a fence post near Mountain Ash road, Clayhanger on the evening of 14/11. A male Tawny Owl was heard calling around the recreation ground at 23.30 on the 20th and our third Goldeneye of the Autumn appeared on the 21st (R.F.). A reliable report of the Merlin was made on the 23rd, the bird apparently is a male and was seen being harrased by a Magpie.
December: The month began with high pressure and the onset of the first cold-snap of the winter. Little change on the marsh altghough Gadwall numbers increased to reach a maximum for the year of twenty birds. The Greylag were again present with the Canada Goose flock and the 16th saw thw arrival of a new species for the site in the form of a Great Northern Diver that had relocated from Chasewater. The 16th also saw a remarkable eleven Great Crested Grebe on the Mere, one of the most significant counts ever recorded. The Diver remained into 2015 and attracted many admirers.
A pair of Stonechat were also relocated on 30/12.

Tuesday, 1 January 2013

2013 - Summary of the year

There are a lot better photos of the Glossy Ibis, but this record
captures the bird where it matters, over Clayhanger Marsh!
Photo: Kev Clements
January: After weeks of driving rain the first of January dawned bright and very sunny although the ground was sponge like and saturated from the aftermath of the wettest year in Britain on record! A three hour circuit of the marsh, mere, farmland and woods produced no less than fifty-five species (three of which were only heard) and a number of common species were not noted so potentially the active species as the year began probably numbered in excess of sixty:

Species List for January

Mute Swan - Whooper Swan (6 - G.C.) - Canada Goose - Greylag Goose - Wigeon - Mallard - Gadwall - Teal - Shoveler - Goosander - Goldeneye (1F - G.C.) - Tufted Duck - Coot - Moorhen - Grey Heron - Cormorant - Great Crested Grebe - Little Grebe - Black Headed Gull - Herring Gull - Lesser Black-Backed Gull - Greater Black-Backed Gull - Common Gull - Kingfisher - Sparrowhawk - Pheasant - Kestrel - Peregrine - Buzzard - Snipe - Jack Snipe - Feral Pigeon - Wood Pigeon - Stock Dove - Green Woodpecker - Starling - Blackbird - Mistle Thrush - Redwing - Fieldfare - Greater Spotted Woodpecker - Nuthatch - Treecreeper - Carrion Crow - Jackdaw - Magpie - Jay - Pied Wagtail - Grey Wagtail - Meadow Pipit - Skylark - Chiffchaff (G.C.) - Great Tit - Blue Tit - Long-Tailed Tit - Wren - Robin - House Sparrow - Chaffinch - Greenfinch - Siskin - Bullfinch - Goldfinch - Greenfinch - Yellowhammer - Reed Bunting.

February: The month began cold and unsettled with little movement to speak of. Pochard numbers remained surprisingly constant with up to twelve birds present on some days. Mallard seemed to make an early exodus and winter thrushes were few and far between. Snow at the first weekend made things difficult both for birds and visitors but one birder persevered and was rewarded with a site first in the form of an adult Kittewake flying through the Mere on 12/02 at 07.13 having presumably roosted at Chasewater and the same observer had Water Rail, three Mealy Redpoll and an Owl that he believed was most probably a Long Eared (G.C.)? Toward the end of the month (and the official end of the winter period) things seemed to slow as is traditional with only fluctuating duck numbers to report and nothing of any significance encountered by the regular users.

March: The coldest March since 1962 began quite mild. The first few days of March actually took on a spring-like feel with temperatures touching double figures during the day and a good balance of brightness and cloud cover with which to enjoy the site and the hoped for onset of visible migration. March the third was a mega-day for the site with corroborated records of both a first winter Glaucous Gull (C.M. - J,.A.S.) and a second winter Iceland Gull (C.M. - J.A.S. - P.J. - J.K.G.A.). The afternoon produced even more excitement with a reported Goshawk (G.C.) and Raven, Yellow Legged Gull and an increase in Oystercatchers to Three birds. A Peregrine was over the village on 14/03 and both juvenile Iceland and a Glaucous Gull were on the mere on the same day (G.C.). Exceptionally heavy snow resulted in a dearth of interesting activity through the latter part of the month until Good Friday (29/03) when a Red Kite was seen overflying the Finger Post at Pelsall before disappearing toward the Mere (K McC).

April: The month continued the recent trend and began exceptionally cold resulting in many anticipated migrants holding back on the European mainland.The weather improved by the end of the first week and the first singing Chiffchaff was heard on 06/04 (although several wintering birds had been reported from the area of the sewage works). Three Chiffchaff were present on the 7th heralding an overdue influx of migrants held back by the weather. The same day saw an over flying Raven, a Green Sandpiper and a Woodcock flushed from Grange Farm. A Short Eared Owl was reported in the first week on an unspecified date (Per. A.S.) and the first Little Ringed Plover was found on 09/04 (G.C.). The Water Rail was flushed from the edge of the main swag on 10/04 and the same day saw three singing Chiffchaff and the first Swallow and House Martins (two of each) for the year. All three hirundine, Swallow, House Martin and Sand Martin were present on the 13th as well as the first really decent record for the spring, a Little Egret (K McC - CM - GC). Kevin also had an over-flying Redshank. A Greylag Goose was present on the 14/04, probably the bird from last winter which has been reported occasionally from the Pelsall area in the intervening period. The 15th provided some excitement with a fall of Willow Warbler and Blackcap, male and female Wheatear and a site scarcity in the form of two adult Shelduck and late in the day the Greylag returned. The 16th saw a significant increase in Warblers with three male Blackcap and also an influx of Wheater (6) including a party of five at the pit mound, the first Common Sandpiper was also seen. The first Lesser Whitethroat, Common Whitethroat, Sedge Warbler and Redstarts (two Male) were found on 17/04 and the same day confirmed the presence of a Long Eared Owl. A Curlew was also heard over flying (G.C.). At least one of the Redstarts showed well on 18/04 but the influx of Warblers had apparently dissipated, three Wheatear were also present the same day. The busy period continued on the 19/04 with Wheatear, Little Egret, three Yellow Wagtails, Sedge Warbler, Lesser Whitethroat and a male Ring Ouzel (GC - RF - CM - SH - AS). Three Common Sandpiper and two Redshank were also recorded.. The 20th saw another two Common Tern, three Shelduck (only present until 06.00) and the Ring Ouzel still present. A Yellow Wagtail was present later in the day (G.W.) The Ring Ouzel was still present and remained in the same area. It was showing again on 21st and sharing its field with both White Wagtail and Yellow Wagtail. The first Swift also went through on 21/04 and there were an interesting group of three Shelduck and a Greylag on Ryders Mere. Two Greylag were present on 25/04 and the same day produced two Yellow Wagtail, a singing Reed Warbler, three Sedge Warbler and a Whinchat. Eight Greylags were seen over the Mere on 28/04 which is a site record and a probable Hobby was also seen (Y.M.)

May: The Month began fine and this allowed some movement by overdue migrants. Reed Warblers returned on 02/05 and a Garden Warbler was heard singing on the same day. Sedge Warbler numbers increased early in the month and Common Tern appeared to be regrouping for a breeding attempt. Two Dunlin of the race Alpina were present on 05/05 and a Cuckoo was calling several times on 06/05 and remained for several days (being joined by a second on 08/05). The first rarity of the year occurred on the 09/05 when a Spotted Crake was discovered on the pools at Pelsall Road being pursued by a Water Rail. the 12/05 saw Canada Geese with chicks both on the Marsh and Mere and the Oystercatchers were out and about suggesting possibly successful breeding? 13/05 was busy with two Little Ringed Plover, 22 Common Tern, 4 Oystercatcher and two possible Arctic Tern.
The 14th provided a good range of birds including Whimbrel, Green Sandpiper, Dunlin, Hobby and a couple of unseasonal Goosander (G.C. - K.C.). A major movement of migrants on 15/05 provided two firsts for the site, a Sanderling and a Turnstone also a record number of Dunlin and two Arctic Tern. The following day there were two Little Ringed Plover and the second (different) Turnstone for the site (K.C.). Three Cuckoo were on the set aside on 17/05 and a Black Tailed Godwit was on the Marsh on the same day (P.J.W.). The one that got away occurred the following day with two observers having brief views of a probable female Woodchat Shrike which defied all subsequent attempts to relocate it. The only other bird of note that day being a Yellow Wagtail. Sunday the 19th saw four Cuckoo still present and a resurgence of song from warblers including at least two Lesser Whitethroat and four Reed Warbler. Star bird though was a Rook which overflew the Mere being mobbed. A Peregrine on 22/05 was unseasonal. As the month came to an end, the best birds of the Spring arrived in the form of three Black Necked Grebe on the 28/05, a Mediterranean Gull and a Lesser Spotted Woodpecker on the 29th were a fitting record on which to end the spring.

June: The first produced little of note although it was possible to confirm successful breeding by Canada Goose, Coot, Mallard and Black Headed Gull. Things were pretty quiet throughout the first two weeks of the period however a Mediterranean Gull on 10/06 was noteworthy (G.C.) and a ringed Black Headed Gull was identified as having originated in Cheshire. Two good raptors on 1/06 were a female Honey Buzzard (G.C.) and a Red Kite (A.S.) which hung over my house before gliding north across the marsh. A Dunlin was present on the 14th and a Little Egret on the 16th. That day also saw confirmed breeding on site by Water Rail with an adult bird seen accompanied by chicks near Pelsall Road. The rest of the month was very quiet with little of note until a Kingfisher put in an appearance on 29th.

July: A Yellow Wagtail flew over on Independence Day and also a Raven. A Garden Warbler put in a brief appearance early in the month along with more appearances by the local Hobby.The 20th saw the two Oystercatcher still present and there were at least two recently fledged Common Tern active with six adults on the same day. A juvenile Little Grebe on the Marsh also evidenced successful breeding by that species. there were occasional records of Green Sandpiper throughout the month with two present on 27th along with a Kingfisher on the set aside and four Common Tern still present on the Mere. Insects at the months end included Roesell's Bush Crickets and several Essex Skipper amongst the Small Skippers present.

August: Still Swift, Sand Martin, Swallow and House Martin and at least six Common Tern present on 04/08 and the same day produced Raven, Green Sandpiper and an unsubstantiated report of several Spotted Crake on farmland off Green Lane (Per-G.C.). While looking for these a Hobby was seen harassing the hirundine and a family party of Partridge were seen (S.H.). A Grasshopper Warbler was found on 05/08 and the unseasonal Teal was again on the swag. A cormorant also flew over on the 5th. The fifteenth found at least two Common Tern still present and two late Swift were also seen. The same day produced a male Redstart in bushes at the base of the pit mound that was starting to lose the shine on its breeding plumage. th 23rd produced some early winter wildfowl with two Teal, two Gadwall, a female Shoveler and the Greylag Goose back with the Canada Geese. Of more interest were the two Common Sandpiper keeping company with two Snipe on the edge of the Mere. A Common Sandpiper was heard on the 25th flying over the village toward the Marsh and the following day produced three Cormorant a young Buzzard with presumably its two parents, a Greylag with the 250+ Canada Goose flock and a surprising Late Swift (26th).with the Swallows and House Martins. A Barn Owl was reported at Ryders Hayes on the 29th. A female Wheatear and a juvenile Whitethroat were noteworthy on the 31st.

September: A visitor on 02/09 discovered the first Wigeon for the winter and it was noticeable that the local House Martins have apparently moved out in the last twenty four hours. Three Kingfisher, five Buzzard, three Grey Wagtail (1 Juvenile) and a Black Tailed Godwit on the Marsh on 03/09 made for a good day and was followed on 04/09 by a Ringed Plover (P.N.). The 8th provided a good summer/winter contrast with at least two Sand Martin present, a minimum of seven Chiffchaff and an obliging Sedge Warbler contrasting with a Wigeon, three Shoveler and four Teal. a Hobby was still present on the 12th. and another Black Tailed Godwit was present on the 22nd (J.A.S.) with possibly the same bird seen again on 26/09. The first wintering Pochard appeared on 27th and the same day saw at least two Chiffchaff showing characteristics of the race Abietinus. There was also a passage movement of Skylark and Meadow Pipit continuously and views of possibly an unseasonably late juvenile Honey Buzzard.

October: The first Redwing went over Clayhanger on the morning of the 11th with another 35 and a Fieldfare on the Marsh. Two Redpoll flying around the Mineral line were probably Lesser. A female Pintail on 19th was unusual and the same day also provided views of a late Chiffchaff on the mineral line and another calling bird at the edge of the mere. Waterfowl numbers were low but there was a influx of Gadwall and a smaller number of Shoveler towards the months end. Water Rail were occasionally hard during this period.

November: Strong winds an rain at the beginning of the month did not support much migration and the annual Bonfire Celebration's reduced the numbers of wildfowl on both Marsh an Mere. The influx of Gadwall continued but Mallard numbers reduced and on 03/11 only two Teal could be found. An interesting Chaffinch on the same day may have belonged to one of the European races? A mixed finch flock was around for much of the early part of the month and contained at least half a dozen Lesser Redpoll and a possible Common Redpoll seen on 10/11 (J.A.S.). Tony also had the first Goosander record of the winter on the same day with five females and one male present. Wigeon numbers were slow to recover from the traditional bonfire celebrations and duck species and numbers were fluctuating throughout the month. The 23rd produced a rare species this year in the form of a Cormorant and a surprise in the form of a wintering/late migrant Chiffchaff which was seen and heard at Ryders Mere. The Chasewater Canada Goose flock was grazing on the farmland throughout the month and by 23rd had reached a total of 318 plus two hybrids and two Greylag Geese.

December: A quiet start to the month with better than average temperatures. fluctuating duck numbers early in the month included varying numbers of Goosander and Pochard although a female Goldeneye was an unexpected bonus for one visitor (I.P.) who also had a possible but unconfirmed record of adult Caspian Gull on the same visit. The Goldeneye was still present 0n 14/12 and possible views of a Ruddy Duck on Clayhanger Marsh the same day could not be confirmed. A new species for the Marsh Glossy Ibis was going through the site from at least17th - 20th December (K.C. - G.C. - C.M. et-al) and spent the remainder of the day in the Goscote Valley. Residents at Goscote suggested that the bird may actually have been around for several days before this though